Creating irresistible demand
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Bruce Sterling's Viridian Design Movement









The Last Viridian Note
by Bruce Sterling
Key concepts:
summaries, farewells, Papal_Imperial sermons, the end of a design movement

Attention Conservation Notice:
This is the last one.

Links:
A new steampunk manifesto. Wow, steampunk is a LOT older than Viridian, and look how lively steampunk is now. This implies a Viridian revival someday – "Neo-Viridian," "retroviridian"... "greenpunk" even. Lo, it was ever thus.
http://gogbot.nl.vedor.com/thema/


Recent events have clearly established that the character of the times has changed. The Viridian Design Movement was founded in distant 1999. After the years transpiring – various disasters, wars, financial collapses and a major change in political tone – the world has become a different place.

It remains only to close the Viridian episode gracefully, and to conclude with a few meditative suggestions.

As I explained in the first Viridian speech, any design movement – social movements of any kind, really – should be designed with an explicit expiration date. The year 2012 would have been the extreme to which Viridian could have persisted. Since the course of history has grown quite jittery, this longer term was spared us.

Some Viridian principles can be lightly re-phrased, buffed-up and likely made of practical use in days to come. Others are period notions to be gently tossed into the cultural compost. I could try to describe which are which – but that's a proper job for someone younger.

I'm following current events with keen interest. There's never been a better time for major political and financial interventions in the green space. However, Viridian List is about design interventions, it was not about politics or finance, so a decent reticence is in order at this juncture.

I would like to cordially thank Viridian readers and contributors and advisors for their patience and their generous help over nine years. I hope you feel you derived some benefit from it. I did my best with the effort, I learned a lot by it, and I'm pleased with how it turned out.

I can't say what Viridian may have done for you; that's up to you to judge. Since this is last Viridian note, however, I'd like to describe what Viridian did for me.

Since the halcyon days of 1999 my life has changed radically.

Rather than "thinking globally and acting locally," as in the old futurist theme, I now live and think glocally. I once had a stable, settled life within a single city, state and nation. Nowadays, I divide my time between three different polities: the United States, the European Union and the Balkans. With various junkets elsewhere.

The 400-year-old Westphalian System doesn't approve of my lifestyle, although it's increasingly common, especially among people half my age. It's stressful to live glocally. Not that I myself feel stressed by this. As long as I've got broadband, I'm perfectly at ease with the fact that my position on the planet's surface is arbitrary. It's the nation-state system that is visibly stressed by these changes – it's freaking out over currency flows, migration through airports, offshoring, and similar phenomena.

I know that, by the cultural standards of the 20th century, my newfangled glocal lifestyle ought to bother me. I ought to feel deracinated, and I should suffer from culture shock, and I should stoically endure the mournful silence and exile of a writer torn from the kindly matrix of his national culture. A traditional story.

However, I've been at this life for years now; I really tried; the traditional regret is just not happening. Clearly the existence of the net has obliterated many former operational difficulties.

Furthermore, my sensibility no longer operates in that 20th-century framework. That's become an archaic way to feel, and I just can't get there from here.

Living on the entire planet at once is no longer a major challenge. It's got its practical drawbacks, but I'm much more perturbed about contemporary indignities such as airport terrorspaces, ATM surchanges and the open banditry of cellphone roaming. This is what's troublesome. The rest of it, I'm rather at ease about. Unless I'm physically restrained by some bureaucracy, I don't think I'm going to stop this glocally nomadic life. I live on the Earth. The Earth is a planet. This fact is okay. I am living in truth.

Another major change came through my consumption habits. It pains me to see certain people still trying to live in hairshirt-green fashion – purportedly mindful, and thrifty and modest. I used to tolerate this eccentricity, but now that panicked bankers and venture capitalists are also trying to cling like leeches to every last shred of their wealth, I can finally see it as actively pernicious.

Hairshirt-green is the simple-minded inverse of 20th-century consumerism. Like the New Age mystic echo of Judaeo-Christianity, hairshirt-green simply changes the polarity of the dominant culture, without truly challenging it in any effective way. It doesn't do or say anything conceptually novel – nor is it practical, or a working path to a better life.

My personal relations to goods and services – especially goods – have been revolutionized since 1999. Let me try your patience by describing this change in some detail, because it really is a different mode of being in the world.

My design book SHAPING THINGS, which is very Viridian without coughing up that fact in a hairball, talks a lot about material objects as frozen social relationships within space and time. This conceptual approach may sound peculiar and alien, but it can be re-phrased in a simpler way.

What is "sustainability?" Sustainable practices navigate successfully through time and space, while others crack up and vanish. So basically, the sustainable is about time – time and space. You need to re-think your relationship to material possessions in terms of things that occupy your time. The things that are physically closest to you. Time and space.

In earlier, less technically advanced eras, this approach would have been far-fetched. Material goods were inherently difficult to produce, find, and ship. They were rare and precious. They were closely associated with social prestige. Without important material signifiers such as wedding china, family silver, portraits, a coach-house, a trousseau and so forth, you were advertising your lack of substance to your neighbors. If you failed to surround yourself with a thick material barrier, you were inviting social abuse and possible police suspicion. So it made pragmatic sense to cling to heirlooms, renew all major purchases promptly, and visibly keep up with the Joneses.

That era is dying. It's not only dying, but the assumptions behind that form of material culture are very dangerous. These objects can no longer protect you from want, from humiliation – in fact they are causes of humiliation, as anyone with a McMansion crammed with Chinese-made goods and an unsellable SUV has now learned at great cost.

Furthermore, many of these objects can damage you personally. The hours you waste stumbling over your piled debris, picking, washing, storing, re-storing, those are hours and spaces that you will never get back in a mortal lifetime. Basically, you have to curate these goods: heat them, cool them, protect them from humidity and vermin. Every moment you devote to them is lost to your children, your friends, your society, yourself.

It's not bad to own fine things that you like. What you need are things that you GENUINELY like. Things that you cherish, that enhance your existence in the world. The rest is dross.

Do not "economize." Please. That is not the point. The economy is clearly insane. Even its champions are terrified by it now. It's melting the North Pole. So "economization" is not your friend. Cheapness can be value-less. Voluntary simplicity is, furthermore, boring. Less can become too much work.

The items that you use incessantly, the items you employ every day, the normal, boring goods that don't seem luxurious or romantic: these are the critical ones. They are truly central. The everyday object is the monarch of all objects. It's in your time most, it's in your space most. It is "where it is at," and it is "what is going on."

It takes a while to get this through your head, because it's the opposite of the legendry of shopping. However: the things that you use every day should be the best-designed things you can get. For instance, you cannot possibly spend too much money on a bed – (assuming you have a regular bed, which in point of fact I do not). You're spending a third of your lifetime in a bed. Your bed might be sagging, ugly, groaning and infested with dust mites, because you are used to that situation and cannot see it. That calamity might escape your conscious notice. See it. Replace it.

Sell – even give away– anything you never use. Fancy ball gowns, tuxedos, beautiful shoes wrapped in bubblepak that you never wear, useless Christmas gifts from well-meaning relatives, junk that you inherited. Sell that stuff. Take the money, get a real bed. Get radically improved everyday things.

The same goes for a working chair. Notice it. Take action. Bad chairs can seriously injure you from repetitive stresses. Get a decent ergonomic chair. Someone may accuse you of "indulging yourself" because you possess a chair that functions properly. This guy is a reactionary. He is useless to futurity. Listen carefully to whatever else he says, and do the opposite. You will benefit greatly.

Expensive clothing is generally designed to make you look like an aristocrat who can afford couture. Unless you are a celebrity on professional display, forget this consumer theatricality. You should buy relatively-expensive clothing that is ergonomic, high-performance and sturdy.

Anything placed next to your skin for long periods is of high priority. Shoes are notorious sources of pain and stress and subjected to great mechanical wear. You really need to work on selecting these – yes, on "shopping for shoes." You should spend more time on shoes than you do on cars, unless you're in a car during pretty much every waking moment. In which case, God help you.

I strongly recommend that you carry a multitool. There are dozens of species of these remarkable devices now, and for good reason. Do not show them off in a beltpack, because this marks you as a poorly-socialized geek. Keep your multitool hidden in the same discreet way that you would any other set of keys.

That's because a multitool IS a set of keys. It's a set of possible creative interventions in your immediate material environment. That is why you want a multitool. They are empowering.

A multitool changes your perceptions of the world. Since you lack your previous untooled learned-helplessness, you will slowly find yourself becoming more capable and more observant. If you have pocket-scissors, you will notice loose threads; if you have a small knife you will notice bad packaging; if you have a file you will notice flashing, metallic burrs, and bad joinery. If you have tweezers you can help injured children, while if you have a pen, you will take notes. Tools in your space, saving your time. A multitool is a design education.

As a further important development, you will become known to your friends and colleagues as someone who is capable, useful and resourceful, rather than someone who is helpless, frustrated and visibly lacking in options. You should aspire to this better condition.

Do not lug around an enormous toolchest or a full set of post-earthquake gear unless you are Stewart Brand. Furthermore, unless you are a professional emergency worker, you can abstain from post-apocalyptic "bug-out bags" and omnicompetent heaps of survivalist rations. Do not stock the fort with tiresome, life-consuming, freeze-dried everything, unless you can clearly sense the visible approach of some massive, non-theoretical civil disorder. The clearest way to know that one of these is coming is that the rich people have left your area. If that's the case, then, sure, go befriend the police and prepare to knuckle down.

Now to confront the possessions you already have. This will require serious design work, and this will be painful. It is a good idea to get a friend or several friends to help you.

You will need to divide your current possessions into four major categories.

  1. Beautiful things.
  2. Emotionally important things.
  3. Tools, devices, and appliances that efficiently perform a useful function.
  4. Everything else.

"Everything else" will be by far the largest category. Anything you have not touched, or seen, or thought about in a year – this very likely belongs in "everything else."

You should document these things. Take their pictures, their identifying makers' marks, barcodes, whatever, so that you can get them off eBay or Amazon if, for some weird reason, you ever need them again. Store those digital pictures somewhere safe – along with all your other increasingly valuable, life-central digital data. Back them up both onsite and offsite.

Then remove them from your time and space. "Everything else" should not be in your immediate environment, sucking up your energy and reducing your opportunities. It should become a fond memory, or become reduced to data.

It may belong to you, but it does not belong with you. You weren't born with it. You won't be buried with it. It needs to be out of the space-time vicinity. You are not its archivist or quartermaster. Stop serving that unpaid role.

Beautiful things are important. If they're truly beautiful, they should be so beautiful that you are showing them to people. They should be on display: you should be sharing their beauty with others. Your pride in these things should enhance your life, your sense of taste and perhaps your social standing.

They're not really that beautiful? Then they're not really beautiful. Take a picture of them, tag them, remove them elsewhere.

Emotionally important things. All of us have sentimental keepsakes that we can't bear to part with. We also have many other objects which simply provoke a panicky sense of potential loss – they don't help us to establish who we are, or to become the person we want to be. They subject us to emotional blackmail.

Is this keepsake so very important that you would want to share its story with your friends, your children, your grandchildren? Or are you just using this clutter as emotional insulation, so as to protect yourself from knowing yourself better?

Think about that. Take a picture. You might want to write the story down. Then – yes – away with it.

You are not "losing things" by these acts of material hygiene. You are gaining time, health, light and space. Also, the basic quality of your daily life will certainly soar. Because the benefits of good design will accrue to you where they matter – in the everyday.

Not in Oz or in some museum vitrine. In the every day. For sustainability, it is every day that matters. Not green Manhattan Projects, green moon shots, green New Years' resolutions, or wild scifi speculations. Those are for dabblers and amateurs. The sustainable is about the every day.

Now for category three, tools and appliances. They're not beautiful and you are not emotionally attached to them. So they should be held to keen technical standards.

Is your home a museum? Do you have curatorial skills? If not, then entropy is attacking everything in there. Stuff breaks, ages, rusts, wears out, decays. Entropy is an inherent property of time and space. Understand this fact. Expect this. The laws of physics are all right, they should not provoke anguished spasms of denial.

You will be told that you should "make do" with broken or semi-broken tools, devices and appliances. Unless you are in prison or genuinely crushed by poverty, do not do this. This advice is wicked.

This material culture of today is not sustainable. Most of the things you own are almost certainly made to 20th century standards, which are very bad. If we stick with the malignant possessions we already have, through some hairshirt notion of thrift, then we are going to be baling seawater. This will not do.

You should be planning, expecting, desiring to live among material surroundings created, manufactured, distributed, through radically different methods from today's. It is your moral duty to aid this transformative process. This means you should encourage the best industrial design.

Get excellent tools and appliances. Not a hundred bad, cheap, easy ones. Get the genuinely good ones. Work at it. Pay some attention here, do not neglect the issue by imagining yourself to be serenely "non-materialistic." There is nothing more "materialistic" than doing the same household job five times because your tools suck. Do not allow yourself to be trapped in time-sucking black holes of mechanical dysfunction. That is not civilized.

Now for a brief homily on tools and appliances of especial Viridian interest: the experimental ones. The world is full of complicated, time-sucking, partially-functional beta-rollout gizmos. Some are fun to mess with; fun in life is important. Others are whimsical; whimsy is okay. Eagerly collecting semifunctional gadgets because they are shiny-shiny, this activity is not the worst thing in the world. However, it can become a vice. If you are going to wrangle with unstable, poorly-defined, avant-garde tech objects, then you really need to wrangle them. Get good at doing it.

Good experiments are well-designed experiments. Real experiments need a theory. They need something to prove or disprove. Experiments need to be slotted into some larger context of research, and their results need to be communicated to other practitioners. That's what makes them true "experiments" instead of private fetishes.

If you're buying weird tech gizmos, you need to know what you are trying to prove by that. You also need to tell other people useful things about it. If you are truly experimenting, then you are doing something praiseworthy. You may be wasting some space and time, but you'll be saving space and time for others less adventurous. Good.

If you're becoming a techie magpie packrat who never leaves your couch – that's not good. Forget the shiny gadget. You need to look in the shiny mirror.

So. This approach seems to be working for me. More or less. I'm not urging you to do any of this right away. Do not jump up from the screen right now and go reform your entire material circumstances. That resolve will not last. Because it's not sustainable.

Instead, I am urging you to think hard about it. Tuck it into the back of your mind. Contemplate it. The day is going to come, it will come, when you suddenly find your comfortable habits disrupted.

That could be a new job, a transfer to a new city, a marriage, the birth or departure of a child. It could be a death in the family: we are mortal, they happen. Moments like these are part of the human condition. Suddenly you will find yourself facing a yawning door and a whole bunch of empty boxes. That is the moment in which you should launch this sudden, much-considered coup. Seize that moment on the barricades, liberate yourself, and establish a new and sustainable constitution.

But – you may well ask – what if I backslide into the ancien regime? Well, there is a form of hygiene workable here as well. Every time you move some new object into your time and space – buy it, receive it as a gift, inherit it, whatever – remove some equivalent object.

That discipline is not as hard as it sounds. As the design of your immediate surroundings improves, it'll become obvious to you that more and more of these time-sucking barnacles are just not up to your standards. They're ugly, or they're broken, or they're obsolete, or they are visible emblems of nasty, uncivilized material processes.

Their blissful absence from your life makes new time and space for something better for you – and for the changed world you want to live to see.

So: that summarizes it. Forgive the Pope-Emperor this last comprehensive sermon; it is what I learned by doing all this, and you won't be troubled henceforth.


Now. If you've read this far, you're a diehard. So you may be interested in my next, post-Viridian, project. And yes, of course I have one. It's not so direct, confrontational and strident as the Viridian Movement; instead, it suits a guy of my increasingly scholastic and professorial temperament.

Viridian "imaginary products" were always a major theme of ours, and, since I'm both a science fiction writer and a design critic, I want to do some innovative work in this space – yes, the realm of imaginary products. Conceptual designs; imaginary designs; critical designs; fantastic and impossible designs.

This new effort of mine is a scholarly work exploring material culture, use-value, ethics, and the relationship between materiality and the imagination. However, since nobody's easily interested in that huge, grandiose topic, I'm disguising it as a nifty and attractive gadget book. I plan to call it "The User's Guide to Imaginary Gadgets."

My first step in composing this new book is to methodically survey the space of all possible imaginary gadgets. It's rather like the exploratory work of "Dead Media Project."

I'm not yet sure what form this new research effort will take. There will likely be a mailing list. I may be turning my Wired blog into something of a gadget site. There might be a wiki or a social network, depending on who wants to help me, and what they want out of that effort. Still: "design fiction," "critical design," "futurist scenario design," and the personal, individual, pocket-and-purse sized approach to postindustriality: this is something I need to know a lot more about.

If you want to play, send email.

Bruce Sterling
bruces@well.com

O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=c=O
Borgo Medioevale
Torino, Italia WORLD CAPITAL OF DESIGN
November 2008
O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=C=O O=c=O


Interesting how much of my life you described; I began stripping away "Everything else" in 1999. Best decision I ever made.

As to the imaginary gadgets project, I'm wondering if the Turtlcam might be representative. I'd been hoping to make time to actually design it, and some other "artifacts from the future", partly in response to a discussion I had with Stuart Candy (of the "sceptical futuryst" blog). If not for Time...
 
Delicious, delightful, inspiring!

Thank you for this essay. It ties in nicely with thinking I've been doing since 2002 when I invented the holiday Discardia to remind me (& any others who care to take it) to do exactly that cutting away of what doesn't belong eating up my time, space, & energy.

You can read a short description of Discardia (& find a few essays on the subject) here:
http://www.metagrrrl.com/discardia/

I also wrote shorter pieces basically daily for a year here:
http://www.metagrrrl.com/discardian/
(Recently revived with a Twitter feed as the mood strikes).

Thank you for the good ideas & encouragement to continue optimizing.

:)
Dinah
 
Very interesting world-view, and will take some time to fully digest. Thanks for the musings to ponder!
 
Can't wait to see what comes of your future plans! Both interesting and thoughtful, as always.
 
Perfect and exactly how I deal with life as process but the problem is I'm married to a pack rat prone to tantrums when anything goes missing. Life is never what we want, but if we try sometimes... Hence, I wade thru junk as part of the process!
 
Hmm. Wierd timing. I think I followed The Movement for awhile in the early 2000s, and something brought me back for this.

In the interim The Movement gave me a lot to think about. This last summary/sermon will give me no less inspiration and food for thought.

The only problem I have right now is this: it is Forbidden to carry a multitool on an airplane and thus, the multi-tool is not sustainable. *sigh* What would MacGyver do?

Best of luck!
 
Isn't, I don't know, flying everywhere on jp8 as harmful to the environs as anything else? Seems to me this 'glocal' system is as bad for the green as anything else.

Maybe these hairshirt greens have something on this.
 
A way to ease into getting rid of stuff is to do it once a day, and keep track in case you go over or under, or get something new. Since 2001 I've lost at least 10' of moving truck length, and am shooting to fit everything into a van.

I've had to take a hiatus since I camp out at the office and everything is in a 5x10 storage locker, and a footlocker hidden in a corner. It's surprising how few (nice!) clothes you really need.

Now all I need is a place to crash in Italy!
 
Sort of sucks I learned about this movement only when it ended :)

I think that this last note suggests us setting goals for our daily lives. Essentially, stuff categorization is an optimization task: find out what You need, then get the best to achieve maximum performance. So, step 1 - "find out what You need", which relates to what You genuinely want. This is and has been a difficult question since early man had enough time to think about himself abstractly.
 
I would love to live more globally (our family is in love with Japan, though we live on the east coast of the US) but the cost of the airline flights, to us, and to the planet, is discouraging.

I've been reading recently about invasive plants, hundreds of which have been introduced to North America as "ornamental" plants. Living as a global citizen should also mean living responsibly as a local citizen, and contributing to the "compost" that makes up our local culture and ecology. -- Rudy
 
Congratulations on this inspirational essay, sir. I have read it, learned a few useful things from it and recommended it to a few old friends. Also, I came across it at a crucial time in my life, it came in very handy and I'm extremely grateful for it.

However, as a long-term collector of your books, I must say they fit into the categories 1. beautiful, 2. emotionally important and 3. useful (as in educational), so I shall probably never sell them or give them away. :)
 
an airplane without tools? hope we get a parachute at least!!

invasive species..no way to keep them out. not an issue of acting responsibly really. winds, time and tide would make us all one eventually anyway.

About the essay, some Really great lines in there. but i do got to take exception to it's derogatory comments and erroneous examples..just for instance, the example of family heirlooms..it's rather aggressive and ignorant to say items which last generations are worthless OR unsustaining.

a china plate feeds Generations how many plates of sustaining food?
and as far as a china plate being a symbol of viridian design..it IS clay. simplest and most universal substrate of all. and it is further smoothed into a beautiful and useful design. maybe the highest value item u can find categorically speaking.

btw, do you know that "fine" china can actually be the hardest to break of all? anyone who has ever washed dishes knows that dishes can break if you ding them a little too hard and ones that don't break are the ones you still got in ten years.

"explore". THAT is why we do experiments. after you partake, you Will find that most things you discover during an experiment actually are unrelated to the original thought. and it will become clear that pure research without being limited to one theory or outcome IS the Best use of time.

singularities have their place but it is not headlining the show. This is also one of the viridian concepts tho? so you will not find it surprising that one is not all, rather all is one.

so Experimentation is just that But i am Living and Doing what i want, which is, actually, the Real point.

re the real point...I strongly recommend you remove all reference to the death of children; it's extremely upsetting. not only is the reference followed by half a dozen obscenely suggestive terms in the next couple paragraphs but even to simply say that cleaning a house could somehow be a cure is too stupid..if u do not know that then ur mother should have told u that talking on sensitive subjects of which you know nothing is too risky to venture. sorry. but seriously. my god.

last, i will say that i think you got OCD or something. because no one takes pix of stuff they are going to throw out. and no one files model numbers and such on stuff like that. i am not criticizing!! just saying in case you hadn't noticed and want to look into it. you said a few other things that apply too. like how it is the Time that objects take up in your mind which is so distressing and how the whole thing makes you feel physically ill.
 
Big Mike the "cuddly decay micro-organism" is dead. The link to the Dead Mike contest winner is broken.
 
It does make you think when you read this article why do we hoard so much stuff and lug it around on every house move. We can live without a lot of things, for some out there its just greed and a must have it attitude.
 
I loved what you wrote about living glocally. I work for a global software firm out of an office in Vancouver, but I'm working in a fashion almost completely disconnected from physical reality. On any given day, I will interact directly with dozens of people scattered across the globe: US, France, Germany, Israel, India, China. I can tell where the sun is rising based on my inbox activity. I have become completely adapted to this mode of living, and travel has become a small adjustment to a minor parameter in how I live my life, namely my current timezone.

Gibson has called this a "post-geographic" existence, but I also like what you wrote about being a citizen of Earth. I do not feel disoriented by this severing of my national umbilical cord, because I continue to be grounded by all the things which help shape my identity. The difference between today and the previous century is that these identity-shaping things have themselves become post-geographic. My work, my media, the expressions of my culture, the inspirations for my future -- all have decoupled themselves from a fixed geography.

I am looking forward to reading more of your work. It has joined my post-geographic collection of identity-shaping devices. Cheers.

p.s. It is amusing that your blog's comment engine is now asking me to "choose an identity". A case in point...
 
thanks for this post
 
After looking the report it seems it will work.

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OH, Bruce, Bruce, Bruce! I hardly knew you! Like another blogger on here, I first stumbled onto *Viridian* in the early 2000's. Loved all the posts & links, &etc. They gave me a sense of connection to a bigger world than the Fascist-controlled backwater of SW New Hampshire.(At least *Nature* is beautiful around here!). I'm sad to see that Viridian ended a year ago. I've felt such limbo. Now, I know *some* of why. Bruce, you gave me the *ASTERISK*. Hardly anybody uses it, or really understands it. But, I like it. I understand it. This last essay is really pretty good. It's a lot of "get rid of, +/or, clean out the clutter." But the idea of clutter-cleaning as a means of entry into the future is a unique angle. I will cherish that. Thank-you, Bruce. I'm looking forward to "meeting" you in the future.
 
This is nothing short of spectacular. Not something I particularly spend time indulging in but interesting all the same.
 
Great article!
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Please keep me updated on your research. I would definitely like to join the mailing list as well. Thanks.
 
Thank for useful information. It's very informative.
 
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Well, hey, keep on moving forward with whatever you like. Steampunk can be kind of cool sometimes.
 
i do agree that you have surveyed various phrases very well .. your post should be read by everyone which will give them a new approach to think .
 
nice post couldnt have said it better myself
 
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